• Le présent matériel a été élaboré dans le contexte d’une étude phonologique de plusieurs langues chibcha du Costa Rica (bribri, cabécar, malecu), plus précisément dans le cadre d'une thèse de doctorat de l'Université Lumière Lyon 2 et du Laboratoire Dynamique Du Langage (UMR 5596), menée par Natacha Chevrier et encadrée par Sophie Manus (Lyon 2, DDL) et Gérard Philippson (Inalco, DDL).


  • "The suggested questionnaire by no means claims to be exhaustive and can easily be supplemented with both new questions and illustrative material." (Kulikov, 2010: 1) All suggestions, criticisms and comments on this questionnaire will be greatly appreciated.

  • The questionnaire is Chapter 2 (pp. 65-73) of the 2010 Studies in Ditransitive Constructions: A Comparative Handbook, edited by Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath and Bernard Comrie.  It follows an introductory chapter offering a typological overview of ditransitive constructions (pp. 1-64).



  • " The questionnaire is based on the Stiebels’ (2007) definition of obligatory control:
    (1) Definition of obligatory control:
    Obligatory control applies to structures in which a predicate P1 selects a SOA-argument and requires one of its (individual) arguments to be (improperly) included in the set of referents of an argument of the embedded predicate P2 heading the SOA-argument." (Stiebels, 2007: 1)

    It can be found as an appendix in Barbara Stiebels (ed.). 2007. Studies in Complement Control. ZAS Papers in Linguistics 47, 1-80.


  • ''Questions concerning the symmetry or asymmetry of relations or interactions as well as those concerning the linguistic means of describing them are not only of interest for linguistics, but also for many social sciences, for philosophy (ethics) and even evolutionary biology. Basic ethical principles can be expressed in terms of reciprocity and major aspects of social structure can be described in terms of solving problems of interaction in a symmetric or asymmetric fashion.