Storyboards for perfect aspect/iamitives and mood in conditionals

Author : Ana Krajinović

Publication date : 2018

Bibliographical references :

Krajinović, Ana. upcoming (to be updated).

Krajinović, Ana. 2020. Tense, mood, and aspect expressions in Nafsan (South Efate) from a typological perspective: The perfect aspect and the realis/irrealis mood. PhD thesis from Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and University of Melbourne.

Krajinović, Ana. 2019. The semantics of perfect in Nafsan and implications for typology. In M. Ryan Bochnak, Miriam Butt, Erlinde Meertens & Mark-Matthias Zymla (eds.), Proceedings of TripleA 5:
Fieldwork Perspectives on the Semantics of African, Asian and Austronesian Languages. Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen, Publikationssystem. Available online:


Storyboards for fieldwork semantics eliciting various functions of perfect aspect and counterfactual conditional sentences. These storyboards have cultural references to Vanuatu and they were used to elicit linguistic data of the language of South Efate (Nafsan) [erk]. These storyboards were created within the MelaTAMP project, in the same context as Storyboards for modal meanings by Kilu von Prince.

Protocol summary

Each storyboard has two versions: one with the text in English and Bislama and the other only with pictures. The storyboard should be told to the consultant in a contact language, who should then repeat the story in the targeted language using the version without text (see also Strang Burton and Lisa Matthewson. Targeted construction storyboards in semantic fieldwork. In Ryan Bochnak and Lisa Matthewson, editors, Methodologies in Semantic Fieldwork, pages 135–156. Oxford University Press, 2015). The storyboards are also archived in PARADISEC: Ana Krajinovic (collector), Ana Krajinovic (author), 2018; Storyboards, PDF, 2018-09-18.

The storyboards can be downloaded from the links to Zenodo below:

  1. Making laplap (cite as Krajinović, Ana. 2018. Making laplap (MelaTAMP storyboards). Zenodo. doi:
  2. Garden (cite as Krajinović, Ana. 2018. Garden (MelaTAMP storyboards). Zenodo. doi:
  3. Haircuts (cite as Krajinović, Ana. 2018. Haircuts (MelaTAMP storyboards). Zenodo. doi:


Development context

These storyboards were developed in the context of the MelaTAMP project, hosted at HU Berlin, funded by the German Research Foundation from 2016 to 2019. The goal of the project was to learn more about tense, aspect, modality and polarity in Oceanic languages, based on pre-existing corpus data and on additional elictations based on storyboards. A particular focus was on the realis/irrealis distinction, other work concentrated on perfect aspect, habituality, expressions of possibility and timitive/apprehensive structures. Project members: Kilu von Prince (PI), Manfred Krifka (PI), Ana Krajinović (PhD student), Stephan Druskat (Research Software Engineer), Annika Tjuka and Lena Weißmann (both student assistants).

Back to the previous page